Gregorio Salazar Papers
Scope and Contents
This collection focuses on Gregorio Salazar's activities in MAYO, the Raza Unida Party and Venceremos Brigade, and his school board candidacy. It contains copies of newspaper articles, correspondence and promotional materials for MAYO. There is also information about other Mexican-American political movements in the mid-twentieth century, as well as a collection of publications created by these movements from across the United States and in Texas.
- Majority of material found within 1969-1971
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open for research. However, to preserve the original materials, access will be provided by microfilm copies when possible.
Conditions Governing Use
Permission to publish or reproduce materials from the Gregorio Salazar Papers must be obtained from the Houston Metropolitan Research Center or the appropriate copyright holder.
The Mexican-American Youth Organization (MAYO) was founded in San Antonio in 1967 and was for a decade the major political organization of Mexican-American youth in Texas. It also led to the founding of the Raza Unida Party in 1970.
Like many other Mexican-American organizations in the state, MAYO sought social justice. The group stressed Chicano cultural nationalism and preferred the techniques of direct political confrontation and mass demonstration to accomplish its goals. Membership in MAYO was drawn from among Mexican-American teenagers and university students who were committed to "la raza." For a time the organization was known informally as La Raza Unida because of a series of conferences that the group organized under that heading.
MAYO identified and addressed three needs of Mexican-Americans including economic independence, local control of education, and political strength and unity through the formation of a third party. Though the general public usually became aware of MAYO through the mainstream press, the organization had its own newspapers.
Gregorio Salazar was born in San Antonio, Texas in 1950. In 1970, he emerged as a leading spokesman for MAYO in Houston where he served as the group's representative to the Mexican American Education Council (MAEC). It was through the efforts of MAEC that the Houston Independent School District adopted a tri-ethnic desegregation plan. Salazar also worked for citizens' rights in housing and fair employment. He was involved in the Raza Unida Party and called for Chicanos to come together politically. He was an active member of the Venceremos Brigade which sought to make significant structural changes within the United States government. Lastly, in 1971, Salazar ran for HISD School Board position 7 as a self-proclaimed Marxist revolutionary. Although he came in a distant third in the election, Salazar is said to have considered his placing as a victory for the community.
2 Linear Feet (3 document boxes and 2 half document boxes)
Language of Materials
This collection is arranged into four series: Series 1: Mexican American Youth Organization (MAYO), Series 2: Education, Series 3: Other Activism, Series 4: Publications
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Donated by Gregorio Salazar, May of 1989.
- Chicano movement--Texas--Houston Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- MAYO (Organization) Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Mexican American Education Council (MAEC) Subject Source: Local sources
- Mexican American newspapers Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Mexican Americans -- Education Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Mexican Americans -- Politics and government -- 20th century Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Mexican Americans -- Societies, etc. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Mexican Americans -- Texas -- Houston Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Mexican Americans--Ethnic identity Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Gregorio Salazar Collection
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
Part of the Houston History Research Center Repository