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Dr. George Ebey Papers

Identifier: MSS 0070

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of Dr. George Ebey's personal and professional correspondence, research, publications, speeches, news articles, and other items. These documents span the time before his employment at HISD, his struggle with HISD for his job, and the after-effects of the hearing and decision. This collection also includes the investigation of Roger O'Leary into the secretive underground organization of women against Un-American Activities, the Minute Women.


  • 1936-1971
  • Majority of material found within 1951-1955

Access Restrictions


Use Restrictions


Historical Note

This collection covers post-World War II issues including McCarthyism, the Red Scare, and Un-American activities. It also includes extensive information on the Minute Women, an organization of women against communism in politics and for the teaching of American heritage in schools. The Minute Women's organization spread throughout the U.S. and acquired a large membership in Texas.

Biographical Note

Marie Christensen Ebey (with her husband, R. M. Ebey) gave birth to George Ebey in San Jose, California, on June 1, 1907. George graduated valedictorian from San Jose High School in 1924. He continued his education at San Jose State College, where he received a Junior College Certificate in 1927. Between 1922 and 1929, George Ebey worked for several businesses: Southern Pacific Railroad, Richmond Chemical Company, Aetna Life Insurance Company, and Standard Oil Company of California. After 1927, Ebey attended Stanford University. He earned his BA Degree in 1929. He continued his advanced education in 1931 when he enrolled at Stanford University a second time and earned his Master's Degree in 1932.

Ebey taught English and Dramatics, and was the Football coach at the Kamehameha School, Honolulu, Hawaii from September 1932 until June 1937. Dr. George Ebey married Leonor Campo at Honolulu, Hawaii, on August 12, 1933. Afterward he attended Columbia University, Stanford University, and finally earned his Doctorate in Education from the Teacher's College, Columbia University, New York City in 1940.

Dr. George Ebey was commissioned to serve as a Lieutenant in the US Army Air Force on July 25, 1942. He was granted the Award of the Legion of Merit on June 8, 1946, for his service as a member of Staff Planning Officers.

After his discharge, Dr. Ebey lectured for Stanford University during the Spring and Summer Term of 1946. In September 1946, he worked as a Professor of Secondary Education at Chico State College, Chico, California, until 1948. He eventually gained a position as Assistant Superintendent of Schools in Portland, Oregon, from 1948 to 1952. Thereafter he was employed as Deputy Superintendent of Schools for the Houston Independent School District (HISD), Houston, Texas.

Shortly after his arrival in Houston, accusations of Un-American activities were lobbed at Dr. Ebey. The HISD School Board conducted a hearing and decided to fire him in 1953.


3 Linear Feet (4 document boxes, 1 photograph box, 1 medium flat box)

Language of Materials




  1. Series 1 Pre-HISD employment and accusations
  2. Series 2 Communist Accusations
  3. Series 3 General Research Company Report
  4. Series 4 Correspondence regarding accusations during and after the investigation
  5. Series 5 Newspaper articles
  6. Series 6 Board proceedings and decision
  7. Series 7 Correspondence after decision
  8. Series 8 Newspaper articles after decision
  9. Series 9 Materials authored by Ebey
  10. Series 10 Minute Women
  11. Series 11 Roger O'Leary
  12. Series 12 Citizens Advisory Conference on Education
  13. Series 13 Communist attacks and issues
  14. Series 14 HISD School Board
  15. Series 15 The AVC Bulletin
  16. Series 16 Photographs

Acquisition Information

Donated by Texas Gulf Coast Historical Association, 1977

Processing Information

Processed by Martha Grace Cromeens, May 2002

Dr. George Ebey Collection
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Repository Details

Part of the Houston Metropolitan Research Center Repository


The African American Library at the Gregory School
1300 Victor Street
Houston, Texas 77019
Houston Metropolitan Research Center
Houston Public Library
550 McKinney St.
Houston, Texas 77002