League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) Council #60
Scope and Contents
This collection contains administrative records of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) Council #60. This includes meeting minutes (1945-1989), correspondence (1935-1990), financial statements (1944-1990), and records of various LULAC events and programs such as the Junior LULAC organization and many annual conventions. There is a significant number of publications in this collection, both published by LULAC and other organizations. Additionally, there are photographs, slides, and negatives which includes 30 portraits of prominent LULAC members.
Note: Several issues of the LULAC News publication were removed from this collection and added to a separate LULAC News Collection that has been digitized and is available on the Houston Public Library Digital Archive.
- 1935 - 1991
This collection is open for research. However, to preserve the original materials, access will be provided by microfilm copies when possible.
Permission to publish or reproduce materials from the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) Council #60 Collection must be obtained from the Houston Metropolitan Research Center or the appropriate copyright holder.
Biographical / Historical
In 1929, the League of the United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) was formed in Corpus Christi, Texas. By 1934, LULAC took root in Houston's Magnolia Park community when Manuel Crespo, a young immigrant from Spain, Mariano Hernandez, originally from San Antonio, and Elias Ramirez initially organized a council. In 1935, the LULAC council of Magnolia Park hosted the LULAC State Convention. This same year, another organization, the Latin American Club of Harris County (LAC) was formed when a group of men wanted a club more centrally located near downtown. Headed by John Duhig, who is perhaps Houston's first Mexican American attorney, Manuel Crespo, John J. Herrera, Juvencio Rodriguez, and Felix Tijerina, LAC took on more political overtones as it endorsed candidates and ambitiously tried to register the city's many Mexican American voters.
Both groups, LULAC and LAC, held poll tax drives and sought to educate the community in what they perceived as their duties and responsibilities as American citizens. However, most significant was their outspoken advocacy of Mexican American rights. LULAC and LAC members tried to encourage Houston employers to cease discrimination against Mexican Americans. Young Mexican Americans in search of employment found that many businesses in Houston would not hire them because of their ethnicity. Plants in the Harrisburg industrial area, adjacent to the barrios, made a practice of posting signs which read "No Mexicans Hired Here". In 1938, LAC and LULAC became embroiled in a controversy at city hall. In response to a proposal to pay a group of water department employees, half of whom were Mexican Americans, for the San Jacinto holiday, a city commissioner was quoted as asking why "Mexicans" should be paid for celebrating the day they were "beaten". Pointing out that they, too, were American citizens, LAC and LULAC immediately spearheaded a protest in front of city council against such prejudicial humor, an effort which garnered a great deal of local publicity. In 1937, the Houston LULAC council hosted the LULAC National Convention and by 1939, LAC and LULAC of Magnolia Park combined to form LULAC Council #60 of Houston.
LULAC Council #60 has been at the forefront of several significant initiatives, among them the Little School of 400, a pre-school program dedicated to teaching 400 basic English words to Spanish speaking pre-school children which later became Project Headstart under the Lyndon B. Johnson administration. Additionally, several national LULAC presidents began as officers in Council #60 including John J. Herrera, Alfred J. Hernandez, and Felix Tijerina.
See the Texas State Historical Association's Handbook of Texas for a detailed description of this long-standing organization. Visit https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/league-of-united-latin-american-citizens
21 Linear Feet (42 boxes)
Language of Materials
This collection is arranged into 18 series.
Series 1: Meeting Minutes
Series 2: Rosters and Memberships
Series 3: Attendance
Series 4: Correspondence
Series 5: Financial Records
Series 6: Conventions
Series 7: Events
Series 8: Political Activities
Series 9: New Year’s Eve Scholarship Dance
Series 10: Scholarships
Series 11: Employment Opportunities
Series 12: Community Events (non-LULAC Council #60)
Series 13: Publications (by LULAC Council #60)
Series 14: Pamphlets, Brochures, Flyers (not published by LULAC Council #60)
Series 15: Publications (not published by LULAC Council #60)
Series 16: Biographical Notes of LULAC Members
Series 17: Junior LULAC
Series 18: Photographs, Slides, and Negatives
Existence and Location of Copies
The bulk of this collection has been microfilmed with some exceptions. None of boxes 41 and 42 have been microfilmed. Each microfilm roll notes any items that were not microfilmed. Reference staff can assist with access to these materials.
Roll 1 includes Box 1, Folder 1 to Box 4, Folder 6
Roll 2 includes Box 4, Folder 7 to Box 8, Folder 13
Roll 3 includes Box 8, Folder 14 to Box 11, Folder 11
Roll 4 includes Box 12, Folder 1 to Box 15, Folder 11
Roll 5 includes Box 15, Folder 12 to Box 18, Folder 12
Roll 6 includes Box 18, Folder 13 to Box 23, Folder 17
Roll 7 includes Box 23, Folder 18 to Box 26, Folder 15
Roll 8 includes Box 27, Folder 1 to Box 30, Folder 12
Roll 9 includes Box 30, Folder 13 to Box 35, Folder 43
Roll 10 includes Box 36, Folder 1 to Box 40, Folder 34
Microfilm of this collection has also been placed at the University of Houston Library under a cooperative program between the Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public Library, and the Mexican American Studies Program, University of Houston.
Processed by: Guadalupe Gonzalez and Melisa Rivera in 1996.
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Finding aid written in English.
Part of the Houston Metropolitan Research Center Repository