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League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) Council #60

 Collection
Identifier:  RG E 0021

Scope and Contents

This collection contains administrative records of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) Council #60. This includes meeting minutes (1945-1989), correspondence (1935-1990), financial statements (1944-1990), and records of various LULAC events and programs such as the Junior LULAC organization and many annual conventions. There is a significant number of publications in this collection, both published by LULAC and other organizations. Additionally, there are photographs, slides, and negatives which includes 30 portraits of prominent LULAC members.

Note: Several issues of the LULAC News publication were removed from this collection and added to a separate LULAC News Collection that has been digitized and is available on the Houston Public Library Digital Archive.

Dates

  • 1935 - 1991

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research. However, to preserve the original materials, access will be provided by microfilm copies when possible.

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish or reproduce materials from the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) Council #60 Collection must be obtained from the Houston Metropolitan Research Center or the appropriate copyright holder.

Biographical / Historical

In 1929, the League of the United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) was formed in Corpus Christi, Texas. By 1934, LULAC took root in Houston's Magnolia Park community when Manuel Crespo, a young immigrant from Spain, Mariano Hernandez, originally from San Antonio, and Elias Ramirez initially organized a council. In 1935, the LULAC council of Magnolia Park hosted the LULAC State Convention. This same year, another organization, the Latin American Club of Harris County (LAC) was formed when a group of men wanted a club more centrally located near downtown. Headed by John Duhig, who is perhaps Houston's first Mexican American attorney, Manuel Crespo, John J. Herrera, Juvencio Rodriguez, and Felix Tijerina, LAC took on more political overtones as it endorsed candidates and ambitiously tried to register the city's many Mexican American voters.

Both groups, LULAC and LAC, held poll tax drives and sought to educate the community in what they perceived as their duties and responsibilities as American citizens. However, most significant was their outspoken advocacy of Mexican American rights. LULAC and LAC members tried to encourage Houston employers to cease discrimination against Mexican Americans. Young Mexican Americans in search of employment found that many businesses in Houston would not hire them because of their ethnicity. Plants in the Harrisburg industrial area, adjacent to the barrios, made a practice of posting signs which read "No Mexicans Hired Here". In 1938, LAC and LULAC became embroiled in a controversy at city hall. In response to a proposal to pay a group of water department employees, half of whom were Mexican Americans, for the San Jacinto holiday, a city commissioner was quoted as asking why "Mexicans" should be paid for celebrating the day they were "beaten". Pointing out that they, too, were American citizens, LAC and LULAC immediately spearheaded a protest in front of city council against such prejudicial humor, an effort which garnered a great deal of local publicity. In 1937, the Houston LULAC council hosted the LULAC National Convention and by 1939, LAC and LULAC of Magnolia Park combined to form LULAC Council #60 of Houston.

LULAC Council #60 has been at the forefront of several significant initiatives, among them the Little School of 400, a pre-school program dedicated to teaching 400 basic English words to Spanish speaking pre-school children which later became Project Headstart under the Lyndon B. Johnson administration. Additionally, several national LULAC presidents began as officers in Council #60 including John J. Herrera, Alfred J. Hernandez, and Felix Tijerina.

See the Texas State Historical Association's Handbook of Texas for a detailed description of this long-standing organization. Visit https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/league-of-united-latin-american-citizens

Extent

21 Linear Feet (42 boxes)

Language of Materials

English

Arrangement

This collection is arranged into 18 series.

Series 1: Meeting Minutes

Series 2: Rosters and Memberships

Series 3: Attendance

Series 4: Correspondence

Series 5: Financial Records

Series 6: Conventions

Series 7: Events

Series 8: Political Activities

Series 9: New Year’s Eve Scholarship Dance

Series 10: Scholarships

Series 11: Employment Opportunities

Series 12: Community Events (non-LULAC Council #60)

Series 13: Publications (by LULAC Council #60)

Series 14: Pamphlets, Brochures, Flyers (not published by LULAC Council #60)

Series 15: Publications (not published by LULAC Council #60)

Series 16: Biographical Notes of LULAC Members

Series 17: Junior LULAC

Series 18: Photographs, Slides, and Negatives

Existence and Location of Copies

The bulk of this collection has been microfilmed with some exceptions. None of boxes 41 and 42 have been microfilmed. Each microfilm roll notes any items that were not microfilmed. Reference staff can assist with access to these materials.

Roll 1 includes Box 1, Folder 1 to Box 4, Folder 6

Roll 2 includes Box 4, Folder 7 to Box 8, Folder 13

Roll 3 includes Box 8, Folder 14 to Box 11, Folder 11

Roll 4 includes Box 12, Folder 1 to Box 15, Folder 11

Roll 5 includes Box 15, Folder 12 to Box 18, Folder 12

Roll 6 includes Box 18, Folder 13 to Box 23, Folder 17

Roll 7 includes Box 23, Folder 18 to Box 26, Folder 15

Roll 8 includes Box 27, Folder 1 to Box 30, Folder 12

Roll 9 includes Box 30, Folder 13 to Box 35, Folder 43

Roll 10 includes Box 36, Folder 1 to Box 40, Folder 34

Microfilm of this collection has also been placed at the University of Houston Library under a cooperative program between the Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public Library, and the Mexican American Studies Program, University of Houston.

Related Materials

The Houston Metropolitan Research Center is home to several LULAC-related collections. See RG 1314 LULAC News Collection; MSS 0108 Felix Tijerina Sr. Family; MSS 0130 Mariano Rosales y Pina Family; MSS 0159 Alfred J. Hernandez; MSS 0160 John J. Herrera; MSS 0194 Carmen Cortes; MSS 0205 Guadalupe Quintanilla / Little School of the 400; MSS 0228 J. A. “Tony” Alvarez; MSS 0237 William Gutierrez; MSS 0255 Alex Arroyos / John F. Kennedy; MSS 0294 Mamie Garcia; MSS 0306 Fernando Salas A.; MSS 0328 Ernest Eguia; MSS 0330 Isidro Garcia; MSS 0352.056 LULAC Photographs; MSS 0353 LULAC Regional; MSS 0360 Tony Campos; MSS 0411 Joe Orlando; MSS 0472 Benny Martinez LULAC; MSS 0911 Mexican American WWII Honor Roll; MSS 282.028 Frank Pinedo /LULAC

Processing Information

Processed by: Guadalupe Gonzalez and Melisa Rivera in 1996.

Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Repository Details

Part of the Houston Metropolitan Research Center Repository

Contact:

The African American Library at the Gregory School
1300 Victor Street
Houston, Texas 77019
832-393-1440
HPL.Gregoryschool@houstontx.gov
Houston Metropolitan Research Center
Houston Public Library
550 McKinney St.
Houston, Texas 77002
TXR.Reference@houstontx.gov
832-393-1662