Skip to main content

The Story of Houston -- Religion

 Subject
Subject Source: Local sources
Scope Note: Oral History

Found in 9 Collections and/or Records:

Segment 01: Growing up in Our Lady of Guadalupe

 File
Identifier: OH E 0182
Scope and Contents [00:00:00 – 00:06:10]Trevino begins the interview by asking Guillen about her background and how she became associated with Our Lady of Guadalupe Parish. Guillen was born in San Luis Potosi, Mexico. She came to Houston when she was a year old, in 1921. She went to school at Guadalupe. She notes that there have been four generations of her family that have attended school at Guadalupe, and the reason why she remained in Second Ward was due to the devotion to the parish. ...
Dates: Other: October 22, 1990

Segment 01: Introductions

 File
Identifier: OH E 0179
Scope and Contents [00:00:00-00:02:31] Roberto Trevino begins his interview by testing the recording. He then begins to speak in Spanish, with a bit of English, by asking Sister Mary Dolores Cardenas to state her name and the church that she served under while living in the Houston area. Sister Cardenas tells Trevino that she was a part of St. Patrick’s Church after a priest petitioned to her superiors to have her come to Houston and be in charge of the “barrios”. She began her work in the 1940s but did not...
Dates: Other: April 17, 1990

Segment 02: Mexicanos and Home Altars

 File
Identifier: OH E 0182
Scope and Contents [00:06:10 – 00:12:26] Trevino asks Guillen to speak on the tradition of home altars and her experiences when she went out to these homes as a missionary. She remembers that most places provided for teachings would have a small altar. Most of the houses would have small altars as well. She acknowledges her surroundings by stating she has small altars throughout her home and admits that this is due to her upbringing. Guillen believes that the tradition of home altars comes from Mexico. ...
Dates: Other: October 22, 1990

Segment 02: Sister Dolores and Houston

 File
Identifier: OH E 0179
Scope and Contents [00:02:32-00:22:49] Sister Dolores recounts her 22 years of service in the city of Houston as she recalls the work that she put in at the church and the various positions she held by being a director, teacher, superior, and even a janitor, in order to keep the church and school in order. During her time, she wrote to the Department of Agriculture to state that she would be feeding her kids regardless if they had money to pay for food. She was given cans of food, peanut butter, and tortillas....
Dates: Other: April 17, 1990

Segment 03: Religion

 File
Identifier: OH E 0179
Scope and Contents [00:22:50-00:40:44] Trevino askes Sister Dolores about the culture and language of the Mexican people in Houston. Because of all the things she was doing at the time, she does not remember much but did notice that there were some differences. She noticed some discord among the people and wanted to make the church to help with the issues. [24:23] The area in which Sister Dolores served had a lot of poor, especially Mexicans. She gave talks for the church in which she discussed suffering,...
Dates: Other: April 17, 1990

Segment 04: Religion and Segregation

 File
Identifier: OH E 0182
Scope and Contents [00:19:42 - 00:24:00] Guillen’s family did not know anyone when they settled in Second Ward. Her uncle had come to Houston by way of the Humble Oil Refinery in Baytown in 1918. He sent her family money so that they would be able to come to Baytown. She thinks that this was common practice among the workers. After a short time in Baytown her family then moved to Houston because of Southern Pacific Railway. Guillen comments on the Depression Era and admits that she never felt like there...
Dates: Other: October 22, 1990

Segment 05: The Parish and the People

 File
Identifier: OH E 0182
Scope and Contents [00:24:00 – 00:34:15] Trevino asks about the relationships between the priests and the people. Guillen remembers Father Esteban de Anta, a Spanish priest who would like to visit the people and see what they were like and how they lived. According to Guillen he would drop by people’s homes unannounced. But she enjoyed it as he would drink coffee with the family. She also remembers Father Anastasio Perez, who went on to be at Immaculate Conception, another branch of Our Lady of Guadalupe. ...
Dates: Other: October 22, 1990

Segment 06: Home Altars Revisited

 File
Identifier: OH E 0182
Scope and Contents [00:34:15 – 00:42:31] Guillen sees home altars as a way to visually show her spiritual family; just as one might put photos of family members around their house. She says the saints in a person’s home will vary, because the devotion is different for everyone. When asked why Our Lady of Guadalupe is so important to Mexicanos, she believes it is because she choose to appear in Mexico to a man without any richness or education. This in turn made Mexicanos more devotional, like a child to a...
Dates: Other: October 22, 1990

Segment 07: Gender and Religious Activities

 File
Identifier: OH E 0182
Scope and Contents [00:42:31 – 01:08:00] Guillen has observed that men do not like to be too involved, and it leaves women to more religious activities. Men may participate in parish organizations but mostly just attend church on Sundays because it is more obligatory. She reasons that this is due to men working all the time and that they are tired. [00:49:45] Guillen’s favorite religious activity was the catechist teachings. She reflects that she found a lot of satisfaction from teaching. She’s observed...
Dates: Other: October 22, 1990
The African American Library at the Gregory School
1300 Victor Street
Houston, Texas 77019
832-393-1440
HPL.Gregoryschool@houstontx.gov
Houston Metropolitan Research Center
Houston Public Library
550 McKinney St.
Houston, Texas 77002
TXR.Reference@houstontx.gov
832-393-1662